Articles & Briefs

Books & Chapters



Associate Professor
Rutgers University

Member, Bar of the State of California

Member, Bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

American Society of International Law, Executive Committee (former)

American Society of International Law, Board of Editors, Insights (former)

IUCN Commission on Environmental Law, Specialist Groups: Oceans and Armed Conflict

University of California, Berkeley, School of Law (Berkeley Law), Juris Doctor

The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Master of Arts





                 Protection of the Environment
                 in relation to Armed Conflict


Legal Liability for Environmental Damage: The United Nations Compensation Commission and the 1990-1991 Gulf War, in Governance, Natural Resources, and Postconflict Peacebuilding (C. Bruch, C. Muffett, and S. Nichols, eds, Earthscan forthcoming).
read abstract

Argentina’s ICSID Arbitrations and the UNCC Experience: Consistency and Capability in Mass Claims, 6 World Arbitration and Mediation Review 427-61 (2012).

Mastering the Evidence: Improving Fact Finding by International Courts, 41 Environmental Law 1191-1220 (2011).

“State Responsibility and Liability for Deep Seabed Mining in International Waters,” Environmental Policy and Law (co-authored with Donald Anton and Robert Makgill, (2011).
Read on SSRN

“Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Arg. v. Uru.),” 105 American Journal of International Law 94 (January 2011).
Read on SSRN

"Environmental Impact Assessment as a Duty under International Law:The International Court of Justice Judgment on Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay,” 3 Eur. J. of Risk Regulation 317 (2010).
Read on SSRN

“Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay: The International Court of Justice Recognizes Environmental Impact Assessment as a Duty under International Law,” 14:9 Am. Soc. Int’l L. Insights (2010).
Read on SSRN

“Balancing the Risks: Choosing Climate Alternatives,” IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Envtl. Sci. 8 (2009).
Read on SSRN

“State of Play: Changing the Climate in Copenhagen,” 13 Am. Soc. Int’l L. Insights (2009).

“Local Meets Global: The Low Carbon Fuel Standard and the WTO,” 34 N.C.J. Int’l L. & Com. Reg. 891 (2009).
Read on SSRN

“Introductory Note to Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Compliance Procedures,” 46 ILM 1174 (2007).

“U.S. Supreme Court, Greenhouse Gas Regulation and Foreign Policy Considerations,” 11 Am. Soc. Int’l L. Insights (3 May 2007).

“Environmental Damage at the United Nations Compensation Commission,” 2 Int’l Envtl. News (Summer/Fall 2006).

“UN Commission Awards Compensation for Environmental and Public Health Damage from 1990-91 Gulf War,” Am. Soc. Int’l L. Insights (10 August 2005).

“Local Regulation of Natural Resources: Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Fairness of Wetlands Permitting in Massachusetts,” 28 Envtl. L. 519 (1998).
Read on SSRN

“Foreword to Symposium: The Ecosystem Approach: New Departures for Land and Water,” 24 Ecology L.Q. 619 (1997).

Rapporteur, Panel on International Arbitration, Am. Soc. Int’l L. Proc. (1996).

“Closing the Circle: Sustainable Communities,” Sanctuary, J. Mass. Audubon Soc. (1994).

17 Fletcher Forum 224 (1993) (reviewing Gerard Piel, Only One World (1992)).

“Hard Choices in Tropical Woods,” Architectural Record 16 (1991).


Statement for International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Commission on Environmental Law, Advisory Opinion, Case No. 17: Responsibilities and obligations of States sponsoring persons and entities with respect to activities in the International Seabed Area (filed with International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea on August 18, 2010).

Written Statement of the International Union for Conservation of Nature
Oral Proceedings:
Webcast (IUCN begins at 38:14 minutes)
Transcript (IUCN begins at p. 18)